The family is a group of people connected to each other, either by the bonds of alliance or by kinship ties. The members who are connected by the bonds of alliance are those who are committed to a life together. For those who are related by kinship, we speak of parentage. Here again, there is the filiation by the blood that unites the descendants to those who conceived it, and the adoption that unites a child to those who welcomed him under their roof. From AG Law you can have the best choices now.
Family law governs the relations between all these people in accordance with the law, while organizing them. Everyone must know the essentials of this branch of civil law so as not to fall into the trap of ignorance and thus find themselves in a “family impasse” if we can call it that. So, let’s examine successively:
- The rules relating to the creation of the couple and the common life, in particular the main laws governing marriage, PACS, concubinage and matrimonial regimes.
- The rules of parentage and adoption, the rules governing birth, as well as parental authority.
- The divorce procedure, the types of divorce, the compensatory allowance, everything concerning family housing in this case, parental authority after separation and custody of children.
- The law of inheritance and all that concerns the will, bequests and donations, joint ownership, death and burial.
Rules relating to the creation of the couple and the common life
The primary regime of marriage remains, but nowadays there are various forms of union. Let’s quote the Civil Solidarity Pact. Do not forget the concubinage.
Marriage in general
The creation of the couple is marked by the marriage, legal act requiring the full legal capacity of the two people who unite. The marriage must be freely consented to by the future spouses. It cannot be contracted before the age of 18 years.
Once married, the duty of help between spouses governs them. Everyone has to contribute to the expenses of the marriage which include the education of the children and the maintenance of the household. The contribution is either pecuniary or in kind through activities within the household. There is also the maintenance obligation of common law. In other words, it is the duty of one to give what is necessary for the survival of the other.
The Civil Solidarity Pact (PaCS)
It was the law of November 15, 1999 which introduced it into French law. Considered controversial, this form of union authorizing cohabitation without necessarily involving sex has undergone a radical legal change on June 23, 2006. The Civil Code defines the union in its article 515-1 as “a contract concluded by two natural persons major of different sex or same sex to organize their life together. The elements of the couple are called partners. They are neither brothers nor sisters nor parents. The law of 23 June 2006 orders the partners to assist each other and live a life together. The two fundamentals of marriage are therefore present in this union. Respect is not there, let alone fidelity.